Holidays 2023 Philippines: What are the regular and special holidays in the Philippines and how should employees get paid for them?
Calculating holiday pay can be complex for employers and HR experts in the Philippines, especially with the numerous national holidays throughout the year. Understanding the significance and intricacies of these holidays is crucial in ensuring that employees are compensated fairly and in compliance with labor laws.
This article explores the national holidays in the Philippines and guide how to calculate holiday pay for employees. By the end of this article, employers and HR experts will better understand the legal requirements for holiday pay. Additionally, it will help employees ensure that they get proper compensation during national holidays.
What is the Proclamation No. 90 in the Philippines?
Proclamation No. 90 in the Philippines amends to Proclamation No. 42, s. 2022. The previous declaration lists the regular holidays and special (non-working) days for 2023. The amending Proclamation 90 was signed by President Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr. signed it on November 9, 2022.
As a result, the proclamation adjusts the regular holidays and special (non-working) days in 2023 to make way for extended long weekends. Furthermore, this holiday economics will allow Filipinos to have more time for domestic tourism activities. According to the Department of Tourism, there will be a total of nine long weekends in 2023 based on Presidential Proclamation No. 90.
What is the additional holiday in the Philippines in 2023?
As of my knowledge cutoff in 2021, there is no official announcement yet on the additional holiday in the Philippines for 2023.
How many Philippine holidays are there in 2023?
As of my knowledge cutoff in 2021, there are 19 holidays in the Philippines for 2023, but it is subject to change depending on the official announcements.
What are the regular in the Philippines in 2023?
Under Proclamation Number 90, the regular and special holidays in the Philippines for 2023 are as follows:
- New Year’s Day – January 1 (Sunday)
- Araw ng Kagitingan – April 10 (Monday nearest April 9)
- Maundy Thursday – April 6
- Good Friday – April 7
- Labor Day – May 1 (Monday)
- Independence Day – June 12 (Monday)
- National Heroes Day – August 28 (Last Monday of August)
- Bonifacio Day – November 27 (Monday nearest November 30)
- Christmas Day – December 25 (Monday)
- Rizal Day – December 30 (Saturday)
Special non-working holidays in 2023
Under Proclamation Number 90, the following are the special non-working holidays this 2023:
- EDSA People Power Revolution Anniversary – February 24 (Friday)
- Black Saturday – April 8
- Ninoy Aquino Day – August 21 (Monday)
- All Saints’ Day – November 1 (Wednesday)
- Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary – December 8 (Friday)
- Last Day of the Year – December 31 (Sunday)
- Additional Special (Non-Working) Day – January 2 (Monday)
- Additional Special (Non-Working) Day – November 2 (Thursday)
Lastly, note that there may be additional local holidays in certain provinces or cities that are not on this list.
What are the other holidays in 2023?
The next holidays in the Philippines in 2023 are:
- Chinese New Year (January 23)
- Holy Week (Maundy Thursday on April 6 and Good Friday on April 7)
- Eid al-Fitr (April 21 or 22, subject to change depending on the lunar calendar)
How is special non-working holiday paid?
Special non-working holidays are declared by the government. Furthermore, some of them may or may not be observed nationwide. Examples of special non-working holidays include All Saints’ Day (November 1), All Souls’ Day (November 2), and Islamic holidays like Eid al Fitr and Eid al Adha (dates vary).
For employees who work on special non-working holidays, they are entitled to receive a rate equivalent to 130% of their regular daily wage. Furthermore, if an employee works on a special non-working holiday that falls on their rest day, they are entitled to an additional 30% of their basic wage for that day.
Suppose an employee’s pay rate is Php 500 per day. In that case, the computation for their pay after an additional 30% premium for working on a regular holiday is as follows:
- The regular rate for one day of work: Php 500
- Premium pay for working on a regular holiday: Php 150 (30% of Php 500)
- Total pay for one day of work on a regular holiday: Php 650
So if the employee works for 8 hours on a regular holiday, his total pay for the day would be Php 650. However, if he works beyond 8 hours (overtime), they should receive additional pay according to Philippine labor laws.
How is regular holiday paid?
Regular special holidays are those that are observed nationwide, and they include New Year’s Day, Holy Week, and Christmas Day. Employees who work on regular special holidays are entitled to receive a rate equivalent to 200% of their regular daily wage, regardless of whether or not they actually work on that day.
Suppose the same employee with a pay rate of Php 500 per day worked on a regular holiday. In that case, the computation for their pay after an additional 100% premium for working on a regular holiday is as follows:
- The regular rate for one day of work: Php 500
- Premium pay for working on a regular holiday: Php 500 (100% of Php 500)
- Total pay for one day of work on a regular holiday: Php 1,000
So if the employee works for 8 hours on a regular holiday, his total pay for the day would be Php 1,000. However, if he works beyond 8 hours (overtime), they should receive additional pay according to Philippine labor laws.
Related: See the DOLE rules on employment in the Philippines